Paying your Income Tax for the very first time could be a milestone in any citizen’s life. However, the method will appear too discouraging and tedious for a first-timer, and a few of the terms tend to travel right over your head. Income Tax return in Chennai need not be a tedious task henceforth. To assist you perceive the tax implications of your financial gain, here is a compilation of basics of Income Tax for beginners compiled by our Tax Consultants in Chennai.

Basics of Income Tax for Beginners

Are you only out of school and searching for a job? Or have you ever already landed the task and are reaching to file your Income Tax returns for the first time? If the gist of Income Tax and investments confuse you, Phoenixtax- Tax consultant in Chennai are here to assist. Our aim is to alter financial gain Taxes for you and create your financial lives easier. Basically, anybody with any financial gain is at risk of filing Income Tax returns. These days we tend to waken you the fundamentals of Income Tax you will ought to equip yourself with and this could assist you take an assured initiative into your job.

Defining the ‘Previous year’

Previous year or the fiscal year or your tax year is the twelve month amount that begins on the first April and ends on the 31st March of the following year. After you begin your job, your tax year closes on the thirty first March and a replacement tax year starts on the first April. So, it’s vital to arrange your taxes for every fiscal year.

Assessment Year

It is a term you will usually hear in regard to tax filing. It’s the fiscal year of the previous year during which you’ll ‘assess’ and file your return for the previous year. So, the assessment year is 2019-20 for the previous year 2018-19. According to a Tax consultant in Chennai Assessment year is the year during which you will file your return for the previous year. For example, if you begin your job on 1, April 2021, your tax year closes on 31, March 2021. The final day to file your return is thirty first July 2021 (extended to thirty first December 2021).

Understanding your earnings

When you begin your job – reach out to your payroll or Human Resource department and acquire your earnings details/ Pay Slip / Tax Statement. Here, you will get a thought of the key parts of your earnings and the way a lot of tax is going to be subtracted from your earnings.

Example: Most corporations offer House Rent Allowance or HRA, and you will be able to save tax thereon if you’re living on rent.

Income on that you pay Tax

Besides the earnings financial gain you receive, you will be earning financial gain from many different sources. Your Total financial gain is the summation of all heads of financial gain below.

Sources of financial gain

Income from Salary – Salary, Allowances, Leave encashment essentially all the cash you receive whereas rendering your job as a result of your contract.

Income from House Property – Financial gain from house or building, this might be owned and self-occupied or could also be rented.

Income from Capital Gain – Financial gain from gain or loss after you sell a capital asset.

Income from Business or Profession – Financial gain/loss that arises as a result of carrying on a business or profession.

Income from different Sources – This is that the residual head – includes your financial gain from savings bank accounts, fixed deposits, family pension or gifts received.


Deductions scale back your Gross financial gain. These are the amounts the Income Tax Department permits you to scale back your financial gain, transfer down your liabilities.

Sum of All heads of financial gain = Gross financial gain – Deductions = assessable Income

The additional you create use of the deductions allowed, the lower your tax shall be. Deductions are allowed beneath section 80 of the Income Tax Act (Section 80C to 80U).

Make Section 80C your relief

Section 80C will take off INR 1,50,000 from your Gross financial gain. Given below are a number of the widely-used investment vehicles beneath this section.


One of the foremost widespread deductions beneath 80C is deposits to the Public Provident Fund or PPF. After you open a PPF account, you must deposit a minimum of five hundred and atmost Rs. 1,50,000 during a year. Cash deposited in a PPF account compounds, as you deposit extra money within the consequent money years to claim deductions. PPF could be an ancient and safe saving avenue to park your hard-earned cash. A PPF account can be simply opened with a bank.

Tax-saving FDs

Fixed deposits assure capital protection similarly as a large interest financial gain for investors. To urge tax edges beneath 80C, you wish to remain endowed for a minimum of five years. It is safe, however the Interest financial gain from it’s assessable.

Tax-saving mutual funds or ELSS

One of the sole investment company themes allowed beneath 80C, ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) is gaining quality among individuals for its traditionally higher performance within the recent years. Another perk of ELSS is that it’s the bottom lock-in amount of three years.

TDS or Tax deducted/subtracted at supply

TDS is Tax deducted at supply – it implies that the tax is subtracted by the person creating payment. The remunerator has got to deduct a quantity of tax supporting the principles prescribed by the Income Tax department. For example, an employer can estimate the full annual financial gain of a worker and deduct tax on his financial gain if his assessable financial gain exceeds Rs. 2,50,000. Tax is subtracted from that tax block you belong to every year. Similarly, if you earn interest from a FD, the bank conjointly deducts TDS. Since the bank doesn’t recognize your tax slabs, they sometimes deduct TDS @ 10%, unless you haven’t mentioned your PAN (in that case a 20% TDS could also be deducted).

Calculating Tax collectible

On your assessable financial gain, tax slabs or rates are applied and final tax collectible is calculated. From this tax collectible, you will be able to scale back all the TDS that has already been subtracted.

Standard Deduction

As per the Budget 2018, salaried workers are entitled to a regular deduction of Rs 40,000 from the gross pay. This customary deduction can replace the medical compensation amounting to INR 15,000 and transport allowance amounting to Rs. 19,200 in a very fiscal year. Effectively, the remunerator can get a further financial gain exemption of Rs 5,800. The limit of Rs. 40,000 has been augmented to Rs. 50,000 from FY 2019-20 forward within the Interim Budget 2019.

Income tax return filing

Filing taxation returns isn’t any longer the effort it accustomed be. Gone are the long queues and endless anxiety of creating the tax-filing point in time. With on-line filing, also known as e-filing, it’s convenient to file returns from the ambit of your home/office and at terribly short notice.

Mentioned below are the broad steps to file your taxation returns online:

Step 1

Log on to the portal

Log on to the taxation Department portal ( for filing returns on-line. Register PAN number, which is able to function as a user ID.

Step 2

Download acceptable ITR form

Under ‘Download’, move to e-filing below the relevant assessment year and choose the suitable taxation return (ITR) form. Transfer to ITR-1’s (Sahaj) return preparation software system if you’re a salaried individual.

Step 3

Enter details in form 16

Open the return Preparation software system (excel utility) that you just have downloaded, follow the directions and enter all details from your type sixteen.

Step 4

Compute all relevant tax details

Compute tax due, pay tax and enter relevant challan details in the income tax return. If you do not have any liabilities, you can skip this step.

Step 5

Confirm the on top of details

Confirm the small print entered by you and generate an XML file that is mechanically saved on your laptop.

Step 6

Submit return

Go to the ‘Submit Return’ section and transfer the XML file.

Step 7

Digital signature

You can digitally sign the file on being prompted. If you are doing not have a digital signature, you can skip this step

Step 8

Confirmation from ITR verification

A message confirming upon successful e-filing is flashed on your screen. The acknowledgement form – ITR-Verification is generated and therefore the same are often downloaded. It is conjointly emailed to your registered email id.

Step 9

E-verify Return You will e-verify the return through any of the below six modes: 1) Netbanking, 2) Bank ATM, 3) Aadhaar OTP, 4) Checking account number, 5) Demat Account number, 6) Registered Mobile number & Email id. E-verification eliminates the necessity to send a physical copy of the ITR-5 acknowledgement to CPC

Not every taxpayer feels income tax filing as a tedious tax. But for those who find it difficult to do it by yourself we are pleased to help you with the process of income tax return in Chennai. Out tax consultants have expertise in tax and GST related services so your taxes will be done easily before the due date arrives.